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GROWTH

​Many economists who analyze global GDP trends would argue strongly that the U.S. is largely responsible for China’s growth in recent decades. America has turned to China’s massive and inexpensive factory sector to make goods which are used in our everyday lives. These economists might also argue that the largest American companies like Walmart could not exist without Chinese factories and labor.  The official Chinese position, voiced recently, is that this point of view is not accurate at all.

In the People’s Daily, a medium controlled by the Chinese government, an editor wrote:

China’s rapid development carries huge significance in the modern time, and is widely recognized as a miracle by the international community.

But such achievements have led to harsh voices of some Americans who said it was their country that had rebuilt China in the past 25 years. Such voices go against common sense and are totally wrong.

The Chinese believe they have proof that the U.S. has been only a minor contributor to its growth, The editor writes further:

Since 1987 when China started keeping statistics on foreign investment, the country has accumulatively utilized foreign capital of more than $2 trillion. However, only $80 billion, or 4.06 percent of the total, came from the US. Has the US rebuilt China with $80 billion? That does not exist even in dreams.

China’s manufactured goods must have been consumed somewhere. Its government clearly thinks that somewhere is not the world’s largest consumer economy, by far.

​RECALL

​Most people have some history with calorie counting. Some do it to lose extra pounds, others track them to gain weight. Calories — depending on whether they come from carbs, fat, or protein — are sometimes seen as the enemy. But they shouldn’t be.

Technically speaking, a calorie is a unit that measures energy. Not that we mean to scare you, but in nutrition, what we refer to as a single calorie is actually a kilocalorie, or 1,000 calories. Numbers usually make most matters simple, but not when it comes to food. How much energy you consume from eating means next to nothing if you don’t pay attention to the other nutrients in the food.

“Foods that are higher in calories but also rich in other healthy nutrients are better for you than low-calorie foods that have nothing but sugar,” Lorraine Kearney, a registered nutrition and dietetics technician and founder of Lorraine Kearney Nutrition, said.

The process of burning calories is, unfortunately, not simple either. The basic fact that is true in all cases is that to need a calorie deficit — you have to burn more calories than you consume in a day. And many apps are trying to help people achieve their weight loss goals.

But the factors that play a key role into how exactly this is achieved vary from person to person. This is why many people who think they are doing everything right to get in shape or simply lead a healthier lifestyle are disappointed when they don’t see any improvement.

To compile a list of myths and facts about calories people should know, 24/7 Tempo consulted several healthy eating experts such as registered and certified nutritionists as well as diabetics technicians.


​1. More calories doesn’t mean more stamina

A calorie is a unit of energy, but eating many calories doesn’t necessarily makes us more energetic. In fact, “People sometimes say that when they eat less they have more energy,” Michele Jacobson, a certified nutritionist at Michele Jacobson Nutrition. This may be because the body expends less on digestion. “However, it is important to eat quality food from all the food groups, in order to be healthy, have the energy you need and function optimally.”

Source: shironosov / Getty Images

2. One size does not fit all

Guidelines about how many calories people need are vague. “Like overall nutrition needs, individual calorie needs are very specific to the person,” Amy Gorin, MS, RDN, owner of Amy Gorin Nutrition in the New York City area, said. How many calories you need in a day depends on so many things, including your age, gender, activity level, and weight goals, she noted.24/7 Wall St.
Foods That Should and Should Not Be Kept in the FridgeSource: AlexRaths / Getty Images

3. The best source of calories are plant-based foods

“People don’t look at the nutritional profile of the foods they are eating,” Kearney said. You can eat a decent-sized breakfast that is 500 calories, but if the foods were not a great source of nutrients and are processed quickly, you’ll be hungry in no time and likely to eat another 500 calories soon, she explained. “You really should be looking for plant-based food because they are low in calories but high in nutrients that give the body what it needs.”

Source: designer491 / Getty Images

4. Counting calories is not sustainable

Jacobson said she did not believe that calorie-counting was a positive way to monitor one’s eating. “This is not a sustainable way to live,” she added. Constantly checking the calories, keeping a diary, calculating the numbers, having to decide a few times a day if you should eat something or not — it’s exhausting. “And furthermore, [it] tells nothing about the quality of the food you are eating.”

Eating a balanced diet with plenty of plant-based foods automatically takes care of the problem, Kearney added. “These foods are naturally low in calories, so you don’t have to worry about counting them or restricting yourself so much.”

Source: DragonImages / Getty Images

5. Calorie-counting apps are not ideal

These apps don’t focus on vitamin and mineral content, so in a way their information is deceiving, Kearney noted. “You may be getting the right amount of calories according to the app but still not feel your best because you’re not getting the nutrition you need.” You need fiber, lean protein, and healthy fats to keep you full and healthy, not just a certain amount of calories.


​17 Things Nutritionists Want You to Know About Calories

By Hristina Byrnes May 17, 2019 5:28 pm EDTPrintEmail
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6. The source of the calories is more important than the amount

It matters where the calories come from. This, Jacobson says, is the most important thing people should remember about calories. “The range of nutrients you get in your diet is also of the utmost importance.” Not just the macronutrients — fats, carbohydrates, and protein — but micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals, too, are crucial for the body’s optimal functioning.

Source: Devonyu / Getty Images

7. Focusing on metabolism may not be a good idea

Trying all kinds of foods and methods with the sole purpose of possibly speeding up your metabolic rate can have a boomerang effect, Jacobson explained. An individual needs to eat his or her healthiest diet and maintain an active lifestyle; the rest will follow naturally. “It is about being [healthy], not thin,” she added.

ALSO READ: The Best Apps for Achieving Weight Loss ResolutionsSource: torwai / Getty Images

8. There is no need to obsess over metabolism

Lean mass is associated with a higher metabolic rate, according to Jacobson. In other words, two people can weigh the same; however, the one with more body fat will burn calories more slowly, she noted. There are several ways you can boost your metabolism — such as building muscle — but the change will be very small, according to the National Institutes of Health.

Source: FlamingoImages / Getty Images

9. Strength training or cardio to burn more calories?

“Weight-bearing exercise burns calories, but cardio is best,” Jacobson said. A person who weighs 155 pounds will burn 112 calories in 30 minutes if he or she lifts weights, according to Harvard Medical School. The same person will burn almost 300 calories if he or she runs for half an hour at 5 mph. So, by session, cardio burns more calories than weightlifting. To avoid bulking up, simply do more reps per set, at a lower weight, Jacobson noted.

Source: punsayaporn / Getty Images

10. Elaborate coffee drinks contain many calories

Many people forget about calories in liquids and focus only on food. But there are many “offenders” on the market. “I actually hate to see people downing coffee drinks every day, or a few times a day,” Jacobson said. “These jumbo-sized cups are full of simple sugar syrups and high fat creamers.” A simple cup of coffee is OK, she noted. Any sugary drinks, even fruit juices, contain significant amounts of calories. And don’t forget alcoholic drinks, which also contain more calories than many people may realize.


​11. Foods may have the same number of calories but offer different nutrients

The body needs each macronutrient — carbohydrates, fats, and protein — for optimal health. “The most important thing is to eat the best quality,” Jacobson said. For example, a can of soda is full of carbs in the form of simple (and usually processed) sugar. “That’s not good.” An orange — not orange juice — is also high in carbs, but you will also get fiber, vitamins, and minerals, she noted. “So, you can eat two foods with comparable carbohydrate counts, but the benefit is different,” she added.

Source: piyato / Getty Images

12. Zero-calories does not mean healthy at all

“[Zero-calorie drinks] are the worst,” Jacobson said. Diet soda is linked to a possible host of issues, including increased calorie intake overall, dementia, kidney problems, and type 2 diabetes. It can also disrupt your gut bacteria, she noted. Some research has shown that artificial sweeteners may induce sugar cravings, alter metabolism, and lead to obesity. This is why diet soda could be killing you in at least 10 ways.

ALSO READ: The Unhealthiest Item in Every Fast-Food Chain in the USSource: Rawpixel Ltd / Getty Images

13. 500-calorie deficit a day is OK, but the reality is more complex

There are 3,500 calories in a pound of fat. Theoretically, if you were to create a daily calorie deficit of 500 calories a day — whether from cutting calories or from exercising or both — that would equate to a pound over the course of a week. “But it’s not usually that simple because the human body is very complex,” Gorin said. Speed of weight loss depends on factors such as metabolism, how much lean muscle you have, how much water weight you’re carrying, and more.

Source: Bojan89 / Getty Images

14. You need muscle to burn calories

“Gaining muscle is a fantastic way to enable your body to burn more calories,” Gorin said. Increasing muscle tissue can be great for weight loss because muscle burns more calories than fat. This is especially important as you get older because you lose muscle as you age — about 10% each decade after age 45, according to Gorin.

Source: powerofforever / Getty Images

15. Be especially wary of some drinks

Different drinks range widely on how nutritious they are, Gorin noted. “What you want to keep at a minimum are beverages like sugar-sweetened soda, sugary energy drinks, and coffee drinks with lots of sweeteners.” There are some ways to make these healthier. For instance, you could blend up a frozen mochaccino as a breakfast smoothie, which tastes similar to a Starbucks Frappuccino but doesn’t contain any added sugar at all, Gorin added


16. Low-calorie drink options are not better

They may contain fewer calories than their original counterparts, but what they lack in calories they often make up for in artificial sweeteners, according to Kearney. “They have no natural flavor and could have [many] chemicals, which can cause inflammation,” she added. Those who consume these drinks can end up feeling bloated and craving sugar, Kearney explained.


17. The calories number on the ingredient label is not so important

“Read the ingredient list first,” Kearney said. If there is anything on that list you don’t know what it is or what it means, you should probably leave the product in the store, she noted. After the ingredient list, look at the sugar, sodium, and fat content. “Fat should not be more than 10% of your daily calorie intake,” Kearney said. Make sure the product contains no trans fats, which raise cholesterol levels and increase the risk of developing diabetes and heart problems, according to the American Heart Association. This is just one of 28 dangerous things experts link to heart disease.

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​Anyone could have anticipated how Toyota Motor Corp. (NYSE: TM) would respond after the White House announced it would protect the American car industry, its employee base and its ability to innovate. Very likely, this move eventually could trigger tariffs that would make Toyota cars and light trucks more expensive in the United States, eroding Toyota’s price leverage with consumers.

The White House statement read in part:

Following an extensive review of the Department of Commerce’s Section 232 automobile report, President Trump today issued a proclamation directing the United States Trade Representative to negotiate agreements to address the national security threat, which is causing harm to the American automobile industry. The Department of Commerce report, delivered to the President on February 17, 2019, concluded that imports of automobiles and certain automobile parts threaten to impair the national security of the United States.

The announcement is officially called an “executive proclamation.”

The administration’s approach is novel. Its threat of tariffs is based on national security, which is a stretch because Toyota makes and markets consumer products, which have never been viewed as a threat to American national security.

Instead of very aggressively challenging the order, Toyota responded:

Toyota has been deeply engrained in the U.S. for over 60 years. Between our R&D centers, 10 manufacturing plants, 1,500-strong dealer network, extensive supply chain and other operations, we directly and indirectly employ over 475,000 in the U.S., and have invested over $60 billion in this country, including over $1 billion in philanthropic and community-outreach efforts. Today’s proclamation sends a message to Toyota that our investments are not welcomed, and the contributions from each of our employees across America are not valued.

Toyota management knows better. It is not, in reality, a question of whether it is welcome, but rather what it can charge for its vehicles compared to its U.S. counterparts, particularly Ford and General Motors. Both have seen their market shares drop for decades, primarily because of the success of Japanese imports. Ironically, American workers now make many of Toyota’s cars in America.

Nevertheless, the administration’s approach to improving the competitive position of American companies is public arm-twisting. Toyota joins a long line of firms that are about to suffer because of that new negotiating method. In its case, Toyota faces the need to raise the price of its cars to make them more “competitive.”

NUTRITION

​TOYOTA

​Ford Recalls 300,000 Fusion, Ranger Vehicles

By Paul Ausick May 15, 2019 10:53 am EDTPrintEmail
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Ford Motor Co. (NYSE: F) announced Wednesday morning that it is recalling about 2,760 model year 2019 Ford Ranger pickups and about 270,000 model years 2013 through 2016 Fusions to repair transmission issues with both vehicles. Some 259,000 of the Fusion passenger cars were sold in the United States, while the rest were sold in Canada. All but 260 of the Ranger pickups were sold in the United States.

The Ranger recall is being initiated to repair a problem with the transmission shift cable that could, over time, allow the cable’s bracket to loosen. If that were to happen, the vehicle might be left in a gear not selected by the driver.

If the gearshift lever has been placed in Park, the driver could remove the ignition key without setting off any warning signals that the truck is not actually in Park. According to Ford, this “allows unintended vehicle movement or roll away if the parking brake is not applied, increasing the risk of a crash or injury.” To date, the company is not aware of any accidents or injuries related to this issue.




















































































The recall of the midsize Fusion vehicles stems from a different cause but yields the same result: the vehicle may not have been placed in the gear that the driver has selected. Again, if the parking brake is not set, the vehicle may roll away, increasing the risk of an injury or a crash. Ford has received three reports of property damage and one alleging an injury that may be related to this issue. Neither the Fusion nor the Ranger are among the cars that are most likely to last 15 years.

The Fusion vehicles included in this recall are model years 2013 to 2016 Fusion 2.5-liter engine-equipped vehicles built at Flat Rock Assembly Plant, from April 12, 2013, to Feb. 29, 2016, and at the Hermosillo Assembly Plant, Feb. 9, 2012, to April 4, 2016.

Last July Ford recalled more than 500,000 Fusion and Escape sport utility vehicles for a similar condition. This new recall does not include any vehicles covered in the previous recall.

The Ford Ranger recall includes vehicles built between March 5 and March 13, 2019, at the Michigan assembly plant. This is the second recall for the all-new midsize pickup since its reintroduction into the U.S. market late last year. In February, Ford revealed that it was reviewing the company’s testing methods for emissions and fuel economy following complaints from its own employees. In its Form 10-Q for the first quarter of this year, Ford said that the U.S. Department of Justice has opened a criminal investigation into the matter.

Recalls aside, Ford cars have still managed to escape the list of cars Americans don’t want to buy.

Ford shares were last seen up about 1% to $10.35 late Wednesday morning. They have traded in a 52-week range of $7.41 to $12.15, and note that the consensus 12-month price target is $10.36.